Author Topic: Egyptian Mythology, Dynastic Period, The God, Osiris  (Read 29 times)

0 Members and 0 Guests are viewing this topic.

Golden Falcon ☥

  • Administrator
  • Newbie
  • *****
  • Posts: 47
  • Karma: 0
  • Silence Is Golden.
  • Location: Scandinavia
    • View Profile
    • Chateau Sang Royal
Egyptian Mythology, Dynastic Period, The God, Osiris
« on: April 18, 2015, 09:51:11 pm »
The God, Osiris

Osiris, god of the afterlife, death, life, and resurrection

Osiris, lord of the dead. His black-green skin symbolizes re-birth.

Major cult center   Abydos
Symbol   Crook and flail, Atef crown, ostrich feathers, fish, mummy gauze
Consort   Isis
Parents   Geb and Nut
Siblings   Isis, Set, Nephthys, Haroeris
Offspring   Horus and sometimes Anubis

Head of the God Osiris, ca. 595-525 B.C.E. Brooklyn Museum
Osiris (/oʊˈsaɪərɨs/, or Usir; also Ausar), was an Egyptian god, usually identified as the god of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead. He was classically depicted as a green-skinned man with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers at either side, and holding a symbolic crook and flail.

Osiris was at times considered the oldest son of the earth god Geb,[1] and the sky goddess Nut, as well as being brother and husband of Isis, with Horus being considered his posthumously begotten son.[1] He was also associated with the epithet Khenti-Amentiu, which means "Foremost of the Westerners" a reference to his kingship in the land of the dead.[2] As ruler of the dead, Osiris was also sometimes called "king of the living", since the Ancient Egyptians considered the blessed dead "the living ones".[3] Osiris was considered the brother of Isis, Set, Nephthys, Horus the Elder and father of Horus the younger. [4] Osiris is first attested in the middle of the Fifth dynasty of Egypt, although it is likely that he was worshipped much earlier;[5] the term Khenti-Amentiu dates to at least the first dynasty, also as a pharaonic title. Most information available on the myths of Osiris is derived from allusions contained in the Pyramid Texts at the end of the Fifth Dynasty, later New Kingdom source documents such as the Shabaka Stone and the Contending of Horus and Seth, and much later, in narrative style from the writings of Greek authors including Plutarch[6] and Diodorus Siculus.[7]

Osiris was considered not only a merciful judge of the dead in the afterlife, but also the underworld agency that granted all life, including sprouting vegetation and the fertile flooding of the Nile River. He was described as the "Lord of love",[8] "He Who is Permanently Benign and Youthful"[9] and the "Lord of Silence".[10] The Kings of Egypt were associated with Osiris in death as Osiris rose from the dead they would, in union with him, inherit eternal life through a process of imitative magic. By the New Kingdom all people, not just pharaohs, were believed to be associated with Osiris at death, if they incurred the costs of the assimilation rituals.[11]

Through the hope of new life after death, Osiris began to be associated with the cycles observed in nature, in particular vegetation and the annual flooding of the Nile, through his links with the heliacal rising of Orion and Sirius at the start of the new year.[9] Osiris was widely worshipped as Lord of the Dead until the suppression of the Egyptian religion during the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire.

Osiris is a Latin transliteration of the Ancient Greek: Ὄσιρις, which in turn is the Greek adaptation of the original theonym in the Egyptian language. In Egyptian hieroglyphs the name is written Wsjr, as the hieroglyphic writing does not restitute all the vowels, and Egyptologists transliterate the name variously as Asar, Asari, Aser, Ausar, Ausir, Wesir, Usir, Usire or Ausare.

Several proposals have been made for the etymology and meaning of the original name Wsjr. John Gwyn Griffiths (1980) proposed a derivation from wser signifying "the powerful". Moreover, one of the oldest attestations of the god Osiris appears in the mastaba of the deceased Netjer-wser (God Almighty).

David Lorton (1985) proposed that Wsjr is composed by the morphemes set-jret signifying "ritual activity", Osiris being the one who receives it. Wolfhart Westendorf (1987) proposed an etymology from Waset-jret "she who bears the eye".[14]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
« Last Edit: September 14, 2015, 10:32:25 am by Golden Falcon ☥ »

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter